Editor’s Choice: The 5 Best Attractions to See in Africa Before You Die
1.) Victoria Falls
Situated on the Zambezi River at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, the magnificent Victoria Falls is one of the best destinations in Africa. Also referred to as “Mosi-o-Tunya,” (the Smoke that Thunders), Victoria Falls measures 1,708 meters wide and 108 meters high, making it the world’s largest curtain of falling waters. The whole depth of the opening that the water falls (First Gorge) is easily the most impressive feature of the falls. Its depth ranges from 80 meters on its western end to 108 meters in its center.
2.) Mount Kilimanjaro
Towering 5,895 meters above sea level in northern Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro is an extinct volcano in Kilimanjaro National Park and the tallest mountain in Africa. Kilimanjaro has three peaks, namely Shira (3,962 meters), Mawezi (5,149 meters) and Uhuru/Kibo (5,895 meters).
The mountain is easily accessible to anyone of moderate fitness level and this makes it very popular with both experienced and less experienced climbers. Kilimanjaro is the world’s tallest free-standing mountain.
3.) Okavango Delta
Okavango Delta, the largest inland delta in the world (measuring 17,000 square kilometers) is located within the Kalahari Basin in northern Botswana. The delta is believed to have been formed several thousand years ago after the death of Lake Makgadikgadi.
The lake used to be nourished by the Okavango River, which now drains into the sands of the Kalahari forming a labyrinth of floodplains, lagoons and forested islands. The delta boasts diverse flora and fauna that makes it one of the best tourist attractions in the continent.
4.) Fish River Canyon
Situated in the south of Namibia, the Fish River Canyon is the second largest canyon in the world after the illustrious Grand Canyon in Colorado. The impressive canyon features a huge ravine (160 km long) which is up to 27 km wide and 550 meters deep in some parts. Fish River, the longest river in Namibia, flows in the belly of the ravine. The river flows sporadically, flooding during summer months and forming a chain of long narrow pools for the better part of the year.
5.) Ngorongoro Crater
Situated near the Southern Serengeti in Tanzania, Ngorongoro Crater is the largest unbroken volcanic caldera in the world measuring 19 km across and 600 meters deep from its rim to its floor. Ngorongoro, whose total floor area is about 260 square kilometers, is considered a natural enclosure for wildlife due to the high number of animals that dwell in its floor.
The crater was formed about 3 million years ago when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed on itself. Ngorongoro is home to Olduvai where some of earliest remains of man have been discovered. It is also home to the nomadic Masai people who inhabit the conservation area.